East-Western Cultures of Affect

The project aims at opening up a new set of questions concerning culturally specific modes of affect within the context of the all-pervasive process of globalization. The cultural particularities of localized self-positioning and its accompanying national-religious pathos start to take shape only once they are seen as part of the confrontation and reconciliation with the globalized, everyday myths of the »West« and the spectrum of potential identification figures found in contemporary popular culture. From the perspective of the Eastern European »margins«, especially since the collapse of the Soviet Union, affective attachments to certain rituals, institutions, and regulations become visible (e.g., nostalgia, phobias, mourning, and imperial or anti-imperial affects). These attachments are furthermore inscribed in older traditions with symbolically charged fields that date from the pre-revolutionary and real-socialist periods.

The project analyzes artistic works (literature, theater, film) from Poland, Russia, and the Ukraine as exemplary evidence for the development of a more differentiated vocabulary regarding the diverse ways that modes of affect are being brought up to date in the present. In Poland, for instance, the great potency of imbuing symbols with nationalist-Catholic and »Romantic« connotations stands in direct contrast to the imperial and communist regimes that previously controlled symbolic meanings in the country. One might also consider the trend in Russia of an intensified rejuvenation of symbolic gestures that draw from Russian Orthodox and retro-Soviet traditions, which only becomes clear when juxtaposed against supposedly »foreign« cultural models and artistic practices. It is in this sense that the contemporary theater of Pawel Demirskis »exhumes« the national epic of Adam Mickiewiczs’s play Dziady (Forefathers’ Eve), when the hero finds himself detached from all religious ties and other points of cultural orientation in the face of the globalized state of everyday life (see poster above from Marcin Kuligowski's Dziady. Ekshumacja [Forefathers' Eve: Exhumation], 2007).

Cover: Anarchy in the UKR by Serhij Zhadan

Or one might also look to Serhij Zhadan’s novel Anarchy in the UKR, in which he contrasts the heroic monuments of the Red Army with the search for anarchic traces of the Makhno movement, the sad ruins of Soviet postwar modernity with the tragic biographies of its inhabitants, and the pathos of the Orange Revolution with rebellious acts of distinction performed in Western rock and punk music. These juxtapositions serve to expose the pathos formulas behind the fight for freedom (see image of Zhadan’s book cover, left).

Artistic confrontations with these gestures of collective or individual belonging that are especially laden with symbolic meaning and affect constitute the core of the project’s interest, as it examines which unresolved historical conflicts and problematic (religious-)cultural legacies continue to be passed on and given new currency in these works of art.

Program funding through the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) 2014–2016
Associate Researcher(s): Matthias Schwartz

Publications

Matthias Schwartz, Heike Winkel (ed./eds.)

Eastern European Youth Cultures in a Global Context

Palgrave Mcmillan, London et al. 2016, 374 pages
ISBN: 978-1-137-38512-3
  • »Jestem bogiem«. Rebellion und Frustration in junger polnischer Literatur, in: Christine Gölz, Alfrun Kliems (Hg.): Spielplätze der Verweigerung. Gegenkulturen im östlichen Europa nach 1956. Köln 2014, S. 444–464.
  • Die Bulimie des Sisyphos. Affekt und Distanz in junger osteuropäischer Gegenwartsprosa (am Beispiel von Mirosław Nahacz), in: Nora Schmidt; Anna Förster (Hg.): Distanz. Schreibweisen, Entfernungen, Subjektkonstitutionen in der tschechischen und mitteleuropäischen Literatur, Weimar 2014, S. 185–202.
  • Generation Nichts. Jugendbilder osteuropäischer Frustrations-Prosa, in: Eurozine (12.03.2014).
  • Eine Krypta patriotischer Phantomschmerzen. Der »Euromaidan« als umkämpfter Ort ost-westlicher Affektkulturen , in: Jahresbericht der Geisteswissenschaftlichen Zentren Berlin (Hg.): Bericht über das Forschungsjahr 2014, Berlin 2015, S. 92–107
  • Everything Feels Bad. Figurations of the Self in Contemporary Eastern European Literatures, in: Matthias Schwartz, Heike Winkel (Hg.): Eastern European Youth Сultures in a Global Context, New York 2016, S. 145-160.

Events

Lecture
08 Jul 2016 · 2.30 pm

Matthias Schwartz: Kontrafaktische Phantasmen. Zu Szczepan Twardochs historisch-fantastischen Fiktionen »jenseits des Endes der Zeit«

Künstlerhaus am Lenbachplatz, Lenbachplatz 8, 80333 München, Club-Raum 1

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Lecture
09 May 2016 · 6.00 pm

Matthias Schwartz: »FUCK YOU, Eu.ro.pa!«. Osteuropäische Jugendkulturen im Umbruch

Universität Tübingen, Institut für Osteuropäische Geschichte und Landeskunde, Wilhelmstr. 36, 72074 Tübingen. Großer Übungsraum

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ASEEES Convention Panel
19 Nov 2015 – 22 Nov 2015

Post-mortem Stalingrad. Shifting Memoryscapes of the City and the Battle

Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, 1201 Market Street, Philadelphia PA 19107 (USA)

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International Conference
06 Nov 2015 – 08 Nov 2015

After Memory. Conflicting Claims to World War Two in Contemporary Eastern European Literatures

ZfL, Schützenstr. 18, 10117 Berlin, 3. Et.

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Konferenzpanel
02 Oct 2015 · 2.15 pm

Trauer, Spiel, Phantasma. Zum Umgang mit Geschichte in zeitgenössischen osteuropäischen Literaturen

Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, Otto-Behaghel-Str. 10D, 35394 Gießen

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Workshop
05 Dec 2014 – 06 Dec 2014

»Imperiale Emotionen«. Zur Konzeptualisierung ost-westlicher Affektkulturen angesichts der Ukraine-Krise

ZfL, Schützenstr. 18, 10117 Berlin, 3. Et., Seminarraum 303

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