International Conference
23 Sep 2019 – 25 Sep 2019

Politics – History – Eschatology. Functional, Inter(con)textual, Structural, and Comparative Approaches to Gog and Magog

Venue: Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Bismarckstraße 1, 91054 Erlangen, Room C 202

International Conference of the Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg and the ZfL


Monday, 23 Sep 2019

Christiane Witthöft, Julia Eva Wannenmacher, Lutz Greisiger, Georges Tamer

I. Inward and Outward Evils (I)
Chair: Georges Tamer

  • Agustí Alemany Vilamajó: The Gog and Magog Motif as a Source for the History of Eurasian Steppe Nomads
  • Christian Zolles: The Devil Within. Gog and Magog in Modern Mass Discourse

II. The Wanderings of Gog & Magog Through Texts and Traditions (I)
Chair: Andrew Mein

  • Mark Dickens: Gog & Magog in Syriac Literature
  • Anke Holdenried: “Libri Sibyllini non habent”. Textual Cross-Fertilisation and the Transmission of the Gog & Magog Motif in the Medieval West

III. Spatial Eschata. Mapping Gog & Magog
Chair: Jarmila Geisler

  • Anna Ayşe Akasoy: Gog and Magog in Islamic and Graeco-Roman Geography and Eschatology
  • Ian Richard Netton: Towards a Comparative and Literary Anthropology of Force and Chaos. Gog and Magog with Particular Reference to Kitab al-Fitan by Nu'aym b. Hammad al-Marwazi (d.229/844) and The Tower of London by William Harrison Ainsworth (1805-1882)
  • Felicitas Schmieder: Gog and Magog as Geographical Realities

IV. The Wanderings of Gog & Magog Through Texts and Traditions (II)
Chair: Ellinor Morack

  • Sasson Chahanovich: Gog and Magog in the Early Modern Ottoman World
  • Majid Daneshgar: Gog and Magog in the Malay-Indonesian Quranic Commentaries
  • Ramy Abdin: The Correlation Between Gog and Magog and the Antichrist in Imran Hosein's Concept of Islamic Eschatology

Tuesday, 24 Sep 2019

V. The Wanderings of Gog & Magog Through Texts and Traditions (III)

Chair: Julia Eva Wannenmacher

  • Helen Spurling: The Reception of Gog and Magog in Jewish Apocalyptic Traditions at the Emergence of Islam
  • Andrew Colin Gow: The Gog and Magog Motif. Pre-Modern Roots and Protestant Aftermath

VI. Gog & Magog and the Politics of Apocalypse
Chair: Fabian Schmidmeier

  • James T. Palmer: An Undefined Evil. Gog & Magog Between Exegesis and Prophecy in the Eigth and Ninth Centuries CE
  • Grit Schorch: Edom, Gog and Magog, Leviathan and Behemoth. Apocalyptic and Other Enemy Myths as Evocations of War
  • Zeinab Mirza: Mobilizing the Devotional Ritual Against Tyranny. Nabatieh's ‘Āshūrā’ South Lebanon During the Israeli Occupation

VII. Identifying Gog & Magog
Chair: Hans Christian Lehner

  • Wolfram Brandes: Gog & Magog in Photios (820-891) and Other Byzantine Authors
  • Kristin Skottki: No Saracen Gog/Magog? Reviewing the Evidence of Latin Crusade Chronicles
  • Tiborc Fazekas: “I Am the Son of Gog and Magog” – Assuming the Role of Destroyer and Renovator in a Programmatic Poem by Ende Ady (1906)

VIII. (Collective) Evil as a Problem. Gog & Magog in Theology and Philosophy
Chair: Lutz Greisiger

  • Todd Lawson: Evil in Shaykhi, Babi and Bahai Texts. Gog, Magog and the Perfection of Humanity
  • Dustin N. Atlas: Twins Through Sleep. Gog and Magog, Zoroastrian Liturgy, and the Need for Myth in Martin Buber's Understanding of Evil

Evening Lecture
Chair: Lutz Greisiger

Marina Miller Dessau, Arne Vogelgesang (internil e.V., Berlin): The Theatrical Production “Gog/Magog – An Apocalyptic Disinformation Campaign”

Wednesday, 25 Sep 2019

IX. Gog & Magog in Mystical and Gnostic Interpretations
Chair: Susanne Talabardon

  • Charles Häberl: The Enclosed Peoples of Mandaean Lore
  • Gadi Sagiv: Gog and Magog in Hasidism. Spiritualizing and Re-Mythologizing the Evil that Precedes Redemption

X. Subversive Views of Gog & Magog
Chair: Susanne Talabardon

  • Pavlína Cermanov: The Figure of Gog and Magog in Medieval Heretical Discourse
  • Yaakov Ariel: Coming Together and Staying Apart. Gog and Magog in Contemporary Christian and Jewish Messianic Scenarios and their Cultural and Political Roles

XI. Gog & Magog in Disguise
Chair: Cüneyd Yildirim

  • Martin Treml: Figurations of Gog & Magog in Hollywood
  • Tim Lanzendörfer: Gog and Magog, Me and You. The Zombie-‘Apocalypse’

XII. Inward and Outward Evils (II)
Chair: Georges Tamer

  • Jörn Happel: Asian Horsemen, Bolshevik Monsters. Europe's Primal Fear of the East
  • Matthias Riedl: Gog and Magog – Corpus Antichristi – Synagogue of Satan. Symbolizations of Collective Evil in the Later Middle Ages and Early Modernity

Concluding Session

Media Response

06 Jan 2020
Approaching Gog and Magog from Different Perspectives: A Conference on Functional, Inter(con)textual, Structural and Comparative Approaches to Gog and Magog

Conference Report by Ramy Abdin, in: Blog der International Qur’anic Studies Association, 06 Jan 2020


Lutz Greisiger, Andrew Mein, Georges Tamer (ed./eds.)

Gog and Magog
Contributions toward a World History of an Apocalyptic Motif

Judaism, Christianity, and Islam – Tension, Transmission, Transformation vol. 17
De Gruyter, Berlin/Boston 2023, 1091 pages
ISBN 978-3-1107-2015-0 (Print); 978-3-1107-2023-5 (PDF)