Negative Anthropology. History and Potential of a Discursive Formation

In the contemporary humanities, nothing is more contested than the status of the human itself. On the one hand, the post-structuralist leitmotif of anti-essentialism has spawned the research paradigm of posthumanism. On the other hand, scholarship on the anthropocene, the geological era substantially defined by human intervention, has given new significance to the question of what the “anthropos” actually is. Together, these two currents shape a central paradox within the humanities: defining the human is at once prohibited and obligatory.
The German tradition of cultural philosophy has been aware of this ambivalence since Nietzsche. It has constantly struggled with its own anthropocentrism and often strived to minimize its implications. This self-reflexivity produced a stance in the early to mid-twentieth century that I call negative anthropology. At its formal core, it eschews any definition of an “essence of man,” but still insists on making the human the main focus of its attention.
This research project aimed at a normative reconstruction of negative anthropology as a discursive formation in German thought of the twentieth century. It traced the entanglement of the often conflicting traditions of Philosophical Anthropology, Critical Theory, and Existentialism, and formally reconstructed negative anthropology’s systematic argumentative core. The subsequent conclusions can be applied to a variety of fields, like political theory and literary studies, and are able to negotiate the contradicting claims of posthumanism and theories of the anthropocene.

Fig. above: “Non vitruvian man”. Collage by Hannes Bajohr/Timo Schröder based on Leonardo da Vinci: L'Uomo Vitruviano, Source: Wikimedia

Program funding through the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) 2017–2019
Head researcher(s): Hannes Bajohr


Hannes Bajohr, Sebastian Edinger (ed./eds.)

Negative Anthropologie
Ideengeschichte und Systematik einer unausgeschöpften Denkfigur

Philosophische Anthropologie vol. 12
de Gruyter, Berlin/Boston 2021, 304 pages
ISBN 978-3-11-071687-0 (Print); 978-3-11-071701-3 (PDF)

Edited, translated, and with an introduction by Hannes Bajohr, Florian Fuchs, and Joe Paul Kroll

History, Metaphors, Fables
A Hans Blumenberg Reader

signale|TRANSFER: German Thought in Translation
Cornell University Press and Cornell University Library, Ithaca (NY) 2020, 624 pages
ISBN 978-1-5017-3282-9 (Hardcover); 978-1-5017-4798-4 (Paperback); 978-1-5017-4799-1 (E-Book)
Hannes Bajohr (ed./eds.)

Der Anthropos im Anthropozän
Die Wiederkehr des Menschen im Moment seiner vermeintlich endgültigen Verabschiedung

de Gruyter, Berlin 2020, 244 pages
ISBN 978-3-11-066525-3 (Print), 978-3-11-066855-1 (E-Book PDF), 978-3-11-066547-5 (E-Book EPUB)
Hannes Bajohr (ed./eds.)

Judith N. Shklar: Verpflichtung, Loyalität, Exil

Fröhliche Wissenschaft Vol. 130
Verlag Matthes & Seitz, Berlin 2019, 88 pages
ISBN 978-3-95757-570-8
Hannes Bajohr, Rieke Trimҫev (ed./eds.)

Themenheft zur politischen Theorie von Judith N. Shklar

ZPTh – Zeitschrift für Politische Theorie, Jahrgang 9, Heft 2/2018
Verlag Barbara Budrich, Leverkusen-Opladen 2018

More Publications by Hannes Bajohr


24 Jan 2019 – 26 Jan 2019

Der Anthropos im Anthropozän. Die Wiederkehr des Menschen im Moment seiner vermeintlich endgültigen Verabschiedung

ZfL, Schützenstr. 18, 10117 Berlin, 3. Et., Trajekte-Tagungsraum

read more
14 Jun 2018 · 2.30 pm

Hannes Bajohr: Grundverschieden. Hans Blumenbergs immanente und transzendente Theorien von Sprache, Ästhetik und Geschichte

Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, Geschwister-Scholl-Straße 2, 55131 Mainz

read more